How to Pronounce the ed ending
‘ed’ endings are sounds that many people struggle to either reproduce correctly or just flat out drop of the end of the word. ‘ed’ endings are so important in the English language, meanings, tenses, and comprehension can all be affected by using the wrong sound or no sound at all.
The question is:
-How to pronounce the ed ending?
The answer is:
- In 3 ways - /Id/ or / t/ or / d/
OK OK, that didn’t help very much!
Rules are as follows below
- that it is the sound that is important, not the letter or spelling. For example, “fax” ends in the letter “x” but the sound /s/; “like” ends in the letter “e” but the sound /k/.
1.) If the word ends with one of the following sounds: /t/, /d/, pronounce the ‘ed’ ending as /Id/
|Collected||V||/ kəˈlektID /|
2.) If the word ends with a voiced consonant: /b/, /g/, /v/, /z/, /ʒ/, /dʒ/, /ð/, /m/, /n/, /ŋ/, /l/, /r/ or a Vowel sound, pronounce the ‘ed’ ending as /d/
3.) If the word ends with a Unvoiced consonant: /p/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, /tʃ/, pronounce the ‘ed’ ending as /t/
4.) Exceptions The following -ed words used as adjectives are pronounced with /Id/:
So we say:
- an aged man /Id/
- a blessed nuisance /Id/
- a dogged persistence /Id/
- a learned professor – the professor, who was truly learned /Id/
- a wretched beggar – the beggar was wretched /Id/
But when used as real verbs (past simple and past participle), the normal rules apply and we say:
- he aged quickly /d/
- he blessed me /t/
- they dogged him /d/
- he has learned well /d/ or /t/
The final letter is not important, it is the final sound which affects the ‘ed’ ending.
Check out some other key Sounds in English