How to Pronounce the ed ending

‘ed’ endings are sounds that many people struggle to either reproduce correctly or just flat out drop of the end of the word. ‘ed’ endings are so important in the English language, meanings, tenses, and comprehension can all be affected by using the wrong sound or no sound at all.

How to Pronounce the ed ending

The question is: 

-How to pronounce the ed ending?

The answer is: 

- In 3 ways - /Id/ or / t/ or / d/

OK OK, that didn’t help very much! How to Pronounce the ed ending How to Pronounce the ed ending

Rules are as follows below



* Note:

  • that it is the sound that is important, not the letter or spelling. For example, “fax” ends in the letter “x” but the sound /s/; “like” ends in the letter “e” but the sound /k/.


1.) If the word ends with one of the following sounds: /t/, /d/, pronounce the ‘ed’ ending as /Id/

ExamplesWord class Phonetic
WantedV/ˈwɑːntID/
NeededV/’niːdID/
LiftedV/’lɪftID/
TranslatedV/ trænsˈleɪtID/
CollectedV/ kəˈlektID /
SupportedV/səˈpɔːrtID/
LandedV/ˈlændID/
PuntedV/’pʌntID/

2.) If the word ends with a voiced consonant: /b/, /g/, /v/, /z//ʒ//dʒ//ð/, /m//n/, /ŋ/, /l/, /r/ or a  Vowel sound, pronounce the ‘ed’ ending as /d/

ExamplesWord class Phonetic
RobbedV/rɑːbD/
HuggedV/hʌgD/
LovedV/lʌvD/
ClosedV/kloʊzD/
RougedV/ruːʒD/
ChangedV/tʃeɪndʒD/
BreathedV/briːðD/
ClimbedV/klaɪmD/
MentionedV/ˈmenʃnD/
BangedV/bæŋD/
TraveledV/ˈtrævlD/
EnteredV/ˈentərD/
CriedV/kraɪD/

3.) If the word ends with a Unvoiced consonant: /p/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, /tʃ/, pronounce the ‘ed’ ending as /t/

ExamplesWord class Phonetic
StoppedV/stɑːpT/
LookedV/lʊkT/
LaughedV/læfT/
SentencedV/ˈsentənsT/
WashedV/wɑːʃT/
WatchedV/wɑːtʃT/

4.) Exceptions The following -ed words used as adjectives are pronounced with /Id/:

ExamplesWord class Phonetic
NakedAdj/ ˈneɪkɪd/
LearnedAdj/ˈlɜːrnɪd/
BelovedAdj/bɪˈlʌvɪd/
AgedAdj/ˈeɪdʒɪd/
BlessedAdj/ˈblesɪd/
DoggedAdj/ ˈdɔːɡɪd/
CrookedAdj/ˈkrʊkɪd/
RaggedAdj/ˈræɡɪd/
RuggedAdj/ˈrʌɡɪd/
SacredAdj/ˈseɪkrɪd/
WickedAdj/ˈwɪkɪd/
WretchedAdj/ˈretʃɪd/
One-leggedAdj/ˈleɡɪd/

So we say:

  • an aged man /Id/
  • a blessed nuisance /Id/
  • a dogged persistence /Id/
  • a learned professor – the professor, who was truly learned /Id/
  • a wretched beggar – the beggar was wretched /Id/

But when used as real verbs (past simple and past participle), the normal rules apply and we say:

  • he aged quickly /d/
  • he blessed me /t/
  • they dogged him /d/
  • he has learned well /d/ or /t/


How to Pronounce the ed ending


Remember!!!! 

The final letter is not important, it is the final sound which affects the ‘ed’ ending.



Check out some other key Sounds in English

How to pronounce the ‘s’ ending
How to pronounce the ‘th’ sound


How to Pronounce the ed endingHow to Pronounce the ed endingHow to Pronounce the ed endingHow to Pronounce the ed endingHow to Pronounce the ed endingHow to Pronounce the ed endingHow to Pronounce the ed endingHow to Pronounce the ed ending

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